Scripture and Scholars say...

1 Ki. 14:15, God “shall scatter” Israel “beyond the river,” not all in one place.

2 Ki. 10:32, “In those days the Lord began to cut off parts of Israel...” –before their final complete exile.

2 Ki. 17:6, The Assyrian king “captured Samaria and exiled Israel”

Deut. 29:28, “cast them into another land, as it is this day”

Isa. 5:26 “the end of the earth”

Isa. 11:11-12, “the four corners of the earth”

Isa. 27:13 (Vulgate), “those lost from the land of Assyria”

Isa. 49:9, “say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Show yourselves.” An address to the lost ten tribes according to Jewish midrash “Pesikta Rabbati 31:10”

Isa. 49:21, (Ten Tribes:) “where had they been?”

Jer. 15:4, “I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth”

Hos. 2:14, “I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness,” not a return to Canaan.

Hos. 8:8, “Israel is swallowed up now among the nations”

Hos. 9:17, “wanderers among the nations”

Ezra 1:15, ONLY “Judah and Benjamin” returned; remaining ten tribes did not return

“Israel and Judah... developed more or less independent of the other, Israel in the north and Judah in the south; and only gradually did circumstances bring them together, and then came the inevitable clash of interests, religious as well as political.” –"Hebrew Origins," Theophile James Meek, 1936, p.76

“Israel as a kingdom was never restored from Assyria, as Judah was from Babylon after 70 years.” –Jamieson, Faucett, Brown Commentary, p.650

“There never was a real return from the exile, although some individuals doubtless returned...the captivity of Israel did not actually terminate at 538 [B.C.], nor, in fact, ever.” –Geo. Ricker Berry, Colgate-Rochester Divinity School, “Was Ezekiel in the Exile?” pp.89, 92 (Journal of Biblical Literature 49 (1930)

“Many of the towns in southern Judah and Simeon were not reoccupied after the exile. This process was quite as disastrous as it is portrayed in the Old Testament...” –Thos. Davis, “Shifting Sands,” Oxford Univ. Press, 2004

“That the Redeemer comes ‘from Zion’ [Isa. 59:20] for Israel implies that Israel is in exile...” –G.K. Beale and D.A. Carson, “Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament,” Baker Academic, 2007, p.674

“The exile, into all lands, among all nations, was as irrevocably decreed as was the destruction of the city.” –Charles C. Torrey, Yale University, Journal of Biblical Literature 56 (1937), p.206

“...the returnees came only from the tribes of Judah and Benjamin —the exiles in Babylon. The ten tribes did not return...the loss of the [ten] tribes marked the greatest demographic defeat inscribed in Jewish memory since Biblical times.” –Zvi Ben-Dor Benite, “The Ten Lost Tribes: A World History,” Oxford Univ. Press, 2009, pp.17, 117

“Evidently it was a token return...” –Frank Moore Cross, Harvard University, “A Reconstruction Of The Judean Restoration,” Journal of Biblical Literature 94 (1975), p.15

“The tree of Israel, grown from one root with various branches, was cut into pieces.” –John Calvin, cited in Boer, “John Calvin,” pp. 190-191

“The ten [tribes] which had previously been carried away being scattered among the Parthians, Medes, Indians, and Ethiopians never returned to their native country, and are to this day held under the sway of barbarous nations.” –Sulpitius Severus (circa. 360-420 A.D.), Severus, Sacred History, bk ii, ch. Ii, in Schaff, et al., transl. Sulpitius Severus

“Jewish people often thought that ten of the twelve tribes were lost and would be restored only in the end time.” –Craig Keener, “A Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew,” Eerdmans, 1999, p.315

The ten tribes’ not returning opened “a huge wound that does not heal.” –Talmudic Haga, Sefer Ha-Berit Ha-Hadash

"The prophecy of a restored and reunited Israel and Judah...was never actually to be fulfilled... Intransigence on the part of both...produced separate and irreconcilable societies that were never able to reunite." -Bruce Vawter, "Amos, Hosea, Micah, With An Introduction To Classical Prophecy," p.81






A Topical Description of
Book Three of a Four-Part Series
by author Steven M. Collins


The Forgotten Ancient




Steven M. Collins

We are pleased to recommend leading books on the subject of the Biblical promises and covenants to Israel.

Ordering information is below. Several key new books have been printed. Happy Reading!





The Lost Tribes Of Israel Series
by Steven M. Collins


Parthia: The Forgotten Ancient Superpower
And Its Role In Biblical History

This book details the history of the greatest Israelite empire in the post-exilic period: Parthia. Even Roman writers acknowledged it was the equal of the Roman Empire. In fact, its forces frequently defeated Roman armies in many wars, and Parthia was the only empire that Rome actually feared. Just decades before the birth of Christ, its armies drove the Romans completely out of Palestine, Syria and Asia Minor, forcing the reigning King Herod to flee for his life. This ancient superpower rival of Rome that lasted for half a millennium was the Parthian Empire. Its Semitic/Israelite origins are well documented as well as the fact that its single dynasty was descended from King David. The Parthian Empire rose to power as Carthage fell, and the names of Israelite tribes and clans are in evidence within the Parthian Empire. Parthia's first capital city was named after "Isaac." Josephus, the famous Jewish historian, records that the ten tribes were a very numerous people in Asia and he identifies them as living in Parthia's empire. Secular histories have long acknowledged the Parthians were related to the Scythian tribes, and Scythian "Sacae" tribes often assisted the Parthians in their wars against Greece and Rome. The reason for Parthia's omission from history texts is clear: If its origins and histories were examined in any detail, its Israelite origins would become obvious. That would confer great credibility on the Bible and its prophecies about the Israelites, and evidence leading to such conclusions is simply omitted from modern, evolutionary-based history books. Parthia and Rome fought battles that were among the largest and most pivotal ever fought in the ancient world. The Roman Triumvir, Crassus, met an ignominious death fighting the Parthians and Mark Antony led a large army into Parthia, but was driven out and barely escaped with his life.

Parthia: The Forgotten Ancient Superpower And Its Role In Biblical HistoryParthia was governed by the feudal system that later resurfaced in Europe. Its Emperors were elected by Parthian elites from the royal dynasty, and it even offered "home-rule" to some of its larger cities. While Rome's rulership was harsh and oppressive, Parthia's was enlightened and much wiser. Nations sometimes fought Roman armies in order to be part of the Parthian Empire instead of the Roman Empire. The Parthian and Roman Empires waged epic wars, had "summit conferences" between their emperors and even had a period of "detente" during which Jesus Christ lived his entire life.

Some of the events of Jesus Christ's life become more understandable when they are examined in light of the politics that prevailed between Rome and Parthia at that time. One group of the Parthian elites that chose Parthia's emperors was called the "Magi" or "Wise Men." A delegation of these high Parthian officials worshipped the young Jesus Christ.

How many Magi were there? Why did the arrival of these high Parthian officials in Jerusalem frighten King Herod and the entire city, as Matthew 2:3 asserts? This book documents the real size of the immense caravan of Parthians that accompanied the Magi to visit Jesus when he was a child,
and why the Magi's visit almost led to a major Parthian-Roman war. The Roman rulers of Judea were well aware of Parthia's interest in Jesus Christ, and some accounts in the Gospels "come alive" in a new way when this fact is taken into account. The critical role of Joseph of Arimathea in the life of Jesus Christ is examined, as is evidence of where Jesus Christ was and what he was doing during the "missing eighteen years" of his life that are not discussed in the Bible.

Parthia sat astride the trade routes between Europe and the Orient, and they prospered in this position. This book includes information about events between the Parthians and the Chinese along the eastern edge of Parthia's border. Parthian technology and society was much more developed than many have thought. Readers will find it a startling surprise to learn the Parthians had developed a rudimentary form of a modern technology that was not reinvented until the modern Industrial Revolution! [You will have to read the book to learn which technology.]

After Parthia defeated the Roman Empire in an immense war in the 3rd century BC, it was overthrown by the Persians who had been Parthian subjects for centuries. The Persians drove the Semitic Parthians out of Asia, and their destination is detailed in the final book in the series.

This book is available for US$20 plus shipping direct from Bible Blessings Christian Resources at their website:

Read an interesting excerpt from this book on the "Book Excerpts" section of this website!

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