Scripture and Scholars say...

1 Ki. 14:15, God “shall scatter” Israel “beyond the river,” not all in one place.

2 Ki. 10:32, “In those days the Lord began to cut off parts of Israel...” –before their final complete exile.

2 Ki. 17:6, The Assyrian king “captured Samaria and exiled Israel”

Deut. 29:28, “cast them into another land, as it is this day”

Isa. 5:26 “the end of the earth”

Isa. 11:11-12, “the four corners of the earth”

Isa. 27:13 (Vulgate), “those lost from the land of Assyria”

Isa. 49:9, “say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Show yourselves.” An address to the lost ten tribes according to Jewish midrash “Pesikta Rabbati 31:10”

Isa. 49:21, (Ten Tribes:) “where had they been?”

Jer. 15:4, “I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth”

Hos. 2:14, “I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness,” not a return to Canaan.

Hos. 8:8, “Israel is swallowed up now among the nations”

Hos. 9:17, “wanderers among the nations”

Ezra 1:15, ONLY “Judah and Benjamin” returned; remaining ten tribes did not return

“Israel and Judah... developed more or less independent of the other, Israel in the north and Judah in the south; and only gradually did circumstances bring them together, and then came the inevitable clash of interests, religious as well as political.” –"Hebrew Origins," Theophile James Meek, 1936, p.76

“Israel as a kingdom was never restored from Assyria, as Judah was from Babylon after 70 years.” –Jamieson, Faucett, Brown Commentary, p.650

“There never was a real return from the exile, although some individuals doubtless returned...the captivity of Israel did not actually terminate at 538 [B.C.], nor, in fact, ever.” –Geo. Ricker Berry, Colgate-Rochester Divinity School, “Was Ezekiel in the Exile?” pp.89, 92 (Journal of Biblical Literature 49 (1930)

“Many of the towns in southern Judah and Simeon were not reoccupied after the exile. This process was quite as disastrous as it is portrayed in the Old Testament...” –Thos. Davis, “Shifting Sands,” Oxford Univ. Press, 2004

“That the Redeemer comes ‘from Zion’ [Isa. 59:20] for Israel implies that Israel is in exile...” –G.K. Beale and D.A. Carson, “Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament,” Baker Academic, 2007, p.674

“The exile, into all lands, among all nations, was as irrevocably decreed as was the destruction of the city.” –Charles C. Torrey, Yale University, Journal of Biblical Literature 56 (1937), p.206

“...the returnees came only from the tribes of Judah and Benjamin —the exiles in Babylon. The ten tribes did not return...the loss of the [ten] tribes marked the greatest demographic defeat inscribed in Jewish memory since Biblical times.” –Zvi Ben-Dor Benite, “The Ten Lost Tribes: A World History,” Oxford Univ. Press, 2009, pp.17, 117

“Evidently it was a token return...” –Frank Moore Cross, Harvard University, “A Reconstruction Of The Judean Restoration,” Journal of Biblical Literature 94 (1975), p.15

“The tree of Israel, grown from one root with various branches, was cut into pieces.” –John Calvin, cited in Boer, “John Calvin,” pp. 190-191

“The ten [tribes] which had previously been carried away being scattered among the Parthians, Medes, Indians, and Ethiopians never returned to their native country, and are to this day held under the sway of barbarous nations.” –Sulpitius Severus (circa. 360-420 A.D.), Severus, Sacred History, bk ii, ch. Ii, in Schaff, et al., transl. Sulpitius Severus

“Jewish people often thought that ten of the twelve tribes were lost and would be restored only in the end time.” –Craig Keener, “A Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew,” Eerdmans, 1999, p.315

The ten tribes’ not returning opened “a huge wound that does not heal.” –Talmudic Haga, Sefer Ha-Berit Ha-Hadash

"The prophecy of a restored and reunited Israel and Judah...was never actually to be fulfilled... Intransigence on the part of both...produced separate and irreconcilable societies that were never able to reunite." -Bruce Vawter, "Amos, Hosea, Micah, With An Introduction To Classical Prophecy," p.81






Clearing away the confusion on this important subject!


What Is The Kingdom Of God?

The stages of god's kingdom

The three stages in God's Kingdom correspond to three broad ages
in the Divine plan and purposes for man.

TODAY A GREAT CONFUSION EXISTS among the various Christian denominations concerning the timing and nature of the Kingdom of God. Two main theories exist. One is Amillennialism, which makes the case that God's prophesied Kingdom of righteousness is found in the Christian church of the present day. The other, Premillennialism, makes God's Kingdom to be solely future after the return of Christ to this earth. But a third view has also been proclaimed by knowledgeable Bible students, who point out that it is both present and future. We believe that the Kingdom of God is an everlasting kingdom throughout history, and is not limited to one era. (Psalm 145:13; Dan. 4:3; 7:27; 2 Peter 1:11)


Nineteenth century Bible scholar, John Peter Lange, in his monumental 24 volume Bible Commentary, has this to say about God's Kingdom: "The Kingdom of God embraces the whole history of the world viewed from the Christian stand-point...Viewed in this light, the whole history of the world itself is simply the history of the restoration and transformation of the world into the Kingdom of God." (Commentary on Matthew, p.2)

God's Kingdom began in the Garden of Eden when God "walked in the garden" in their midst (Gen. 3:8), and all things were in perfection. There was no sorrow, no death, no suffering, no want of any good thing. (Gen. 2:8-9) Although mankind lost that first chance at 'heaven on earth,' the whole subsequent history of the world comprises man's attempt to regain the peace and plenty that was lost in Eden. The New Testament closes with its re-fulfillment on earth. (Rev. 21 & 22)


God interacted among mankind throughout the history of the Old Testament. Since the major focus of the Old Testament was on Passover and the Temple rituals, this period may be called, the Passover stage of the Kingdom. Centuries later, a new age dawned with Christ's resurrection and the coming of the Holy Spirit into the world to dwell in the lives of believers; this was the Pentecostal stage of the Kingdom. And, at a future day when Christ's coming (epiphany) occurs, and His presence (parousia) with us, mankind will witness the dawning of the final stage of the Kingdom of God. Christ will tabernacle with us in an earthly Kingdom, which may be called, the Tabernacles stage. These three ages are in fact stages of the Kingdom of God on earth, and are symbolized in ritual form by the three ancient festivals of Old Testament worship: Passover, Pentecost (the Feast of Weeks), and Tabernacles. The New Testament makes it clear that these old covenant ceremonial holy days "are a shadow of things to come," that is, prophetic. (Col. 2:16-17; Heb. 10:1)


The Kingdom in existence today operates internally within the lives of believers. This stage is necessary, because men's hearts had to be converted before nations could be converted. Yet, the internal Kingdom can be discerned only by those who understand the Spirit's in-filling in the lives of believers. Today, Christ reigns in the midst of His enemies in the hearts of His people. (Matt. 18:20; Luke 17:21) But the time is coming, upon His return, in which the Kingdom of God will hold physical sway over the entire earth. Until that time, we are to proclaim God's Word to the unregenerate world, and learn and practice the principles of "Kingdom Living" as outlined in the Bible. (Matthew 6:33)


Back To Top